Frequently Asked Questions
What is a Communication Disorder?
A communication disorder is a deficiency in the ability to send, receive, and comprehend concepts or verbal, nonverbal, and graphic representation. These can occur in the manners of hearing, language, and speech. Communications disorders may range from minor to severe and may be developmental or acquired over time. Some individuals may have one or multiple disorders. Finally, a communication disorder may be a primary disability or a side-effect of other disabilities.
What is a Speech Disorder?
A speech disorder is an impairment or disability to articulate speech sounds, fluency, and voice.
- An articulation disorder is an irregular production of speech sounds characterized by omissions, substitutions, distortions, and additions, that may impede communication.
- A fluency disorder interrupts the person’s flow of speaking characterized by abnormal rate, rhythm, and repetitions in sounds, syllables, words, and phrases. Excessive tension, struggle behavior, and secondary mannerisms also join this disorder.
- A voice disorder is characterized by the atypical production and/or absences of vocal pitch, quality, volume, duration, and resonance, which would be considered inappropriate for an individual’s age or sex.
What is a Language Disorder?
A language disorder is when an individual experiences impaired understanding or use of spoken, written, or other symbol systems. The disorder may involve the form of language, which we categorize as syntax, phonology, and morphology, the content of language, known as semantics, and the function of language in communication, aka pragmatics. Those with a language disorder can exhibit any combination of these symptoms.
What is a Hearing Disorder?
A hearing disorder occurs when the auditory sensitivity of an individual’s physiological auditory system becomes impaired. This can limit the comprehension, development, production, and maintenance of speech and language. They are classified according to complications in recognition, comprehension, detection, discrimination, and perception of auditory information. Those with hearing disorders can be categorized into two different types, deaf and hard of hearing.
What Is A Central Auditory Processing Disorder?
Central auditory processing disorders are deficits in the information processing of audible signals not attributed to impaired peripheral hearing sensitivity or intellectual impairment. This information processing involves cognitive, perceptual, and linguistic functions that, with proper interaction, result in effective receptive communication of auditorily presented stimuli. This refers to boundaries in the ongoing transmission, organization, analysis, elaboration, transformation, storage, retrieval, and use of information contained in audible signals. CAPD may involve the listener’s ability to attend, discriminate, and identify acoustic signals, transform information through the nervous systems, filter and combine information through appropriate channels, and more.